Most people would find it interesting to know who created the first computer. Who are the brains behind the first “electronic brain?” There has been a lot of debate over finding the answer to this question as the term itself has had several associations. The word “computer” was first used to describe a person who was tasked to handle various data. But as technology allowed us to do so, people began developing an electronic device that would mechanically input and process data with ease. The term itself was carried on to describe the new innovation.
We Can Never Be Certain
Pegging the exact person to be given credit for inventing the first electronic computer, is also made difficult by the range of factors involved. Whose idea was it? Who first published the idea? Who designed it? Who made the first prototype that could accurately perform its intended functions? To make things more complicated, it wasn’t just the United States competing for this recognition. People from all over the world were working hard, all at the same time for their own claim to fame.
The World’s First Computer is Created!
Konrad Zuse of Germany began working on the Z1 in 1936 and finished in 1938. It is considered the first electrical binary programmable computer. It had a meager 64-word memory and 1Hz clock speed. John Vincent Atanasoff and Cliff Berry began working on the Atanasoff-Berry Computer, also known as ABC in 1937 and was finally completed at the Iowa State College in 1942. It is known as the first digital computer. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly of the University of Pennsylvania are to be credited for the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator which is better known as the ENIAC. It was completed in 1946 and was said to occupy approximately 1,800 square feet. The incredible machine used roughly 18,000 vacuum tubes and weighed almost 50 tons. The driving force behind its creation was to aid the US government with the war against Germany.
Computers Were Bigger Than the Room You’re Sitting in
It is hard to imagine how a computer that took up an entire room could have evolved to the size of the ones we are used to today. In 1971, the Kenback-1 came out retailing at $750.00 which was a fortune at that time. The Xerox Alto came out in 1974, which was the computer to first come out with a display and mouse. Adam Osborne developed the Osborne I which featured a floppy disk drive and modem. Finally in the 1980′s the first Personal Computer came out under the manufacturer Compaq. IBM also came out with a PC called the Acorn which utilized the infamous MS-DOS.
Variety And Selection – An Evolved Electronic Market
These days, there are so many computers to choose from – from MACs to PCs. Bill Gates once said that we would not need more than a floppy disk to store all our files. Now people hardly even know what a floppy disk is. What’s gaining popularity now are the micro-size USB flash drives that are also known as thumb drives. Those micro gadgets can store up to 8 gigabytes of memory. There are also electronic passports that can virtually allow us to take our entire hard drives with us wherever we go. The electronic brain continues to develop to this very day. With more operating systems and more efficient hardware coming out, the sky’s the limit.